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The Fugitive

Jones returned as Gerard in a 1998 spin-off, U.S. Marshals. It also incorporates Gerard's team hunting an escaped fugitive, but does not involve Harrison Ford as Kimble or the events of the initial 1993 feature.[74]

The Fugitive

ED: [00:09:45] The only kind of job that would have been available to someone like owner to any fugitive really would have been domestic work. It would have been working in the homes of white men and women who were willing to pay her to do their laundry, to cook for them, to care for their children.

ED: [00:20:53] Her daughter followed the path of her mother. She was enslaved. She was a fugitive. Slavery followed the apron strings of its women and so although she was born in Portsmouth to a free black father it didn't matter.

Of all the bills that made up the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was the most controversial. It required citizens to assist in the recovery of fugitive slaves, and it denied a fugitive's right to a jury trial.

Under the Fugitive Slave Law, an accused runaway stood trial in front of a special commissioner instead of a judge or jury. These commissioners were paid $5 if an alleged fugitive were released. They received $10 if the fugitive was sent away with the claimant.

According to the case file, a petition was filed by Jacob H. Grove of Washington County, Maryland, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland. Grove claimed to be the lawful owner of Stephen Pembrook and reported him as a fugitive.

Select documents from these files have been digitized and can be found in the National Archives Catalog. The documents include affidavits, petitions, powers of attorney, case file covers, depositions, and certifications of the receipt of fugitive slaves.

Exhibit Sections: Slavery Free Blacks Abolition Civil War Reconstruction Booker T. Washington Era WWI-Post War The Depression-WWII Civil Rights Era Abolition, Anti-Slavery Movements, and the Rise of the Sectional ControversyPart 1Part 2:Fugitive Slave Law Growing Sectionalism Militant Abolition "The Book That Made This GreatWar" Fugitive Slave LawNorth to CanadaMission to Fugitive Slaves in Canada: Being a Branch of the Operations of the Colonial Church and School Society . . . 1858-9.[London]: Society's Offices, 1859.Pamphlet.Rare Book and Special Collections Division. (3-4a)Mission to Fugitive Slaves in Canada: Being a Branch of the Operations of the Colonial Church and School Society . . . 1858-9.[London]: Society's Offices, 1859.Copyprint.Rare Book and Special Collections Division. (3-4b)In the wake of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, which forced Northernlaw enforcement officers to aid in the recapture of runaways, more thanten thousand fugitive slaves swelled the flood of those fleeing to Canada.The Colonial Church and School Society established mission schools inwestern Canada, particularly for children of fugitive slaves but open toall. The school's Mistress Williams notes that their success proves the"feasibility of educating together white and colored children." Whileprimarily focusing on spiritual and secular educational operations, thereport reproduces letters of thanks for food, clothing, shoes, and bookssent from England. This early photograph accompanied one such letter tothe children of St. Matthew's School, Bristol.

The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 S. M. Africanus.The Fugitive Slave Law.Hartford, Connecticut, 1850.Rare Book and Special Collections Division. (3-5)This controversial law allowed slave-hunters to seize alleged fugitiveslaves without due process of law and prohibited anyone from aidingescaped fugitives or obstructing their recovery. Because it was oftenpresumed that a black person was a slave, the law threatened the safety ofall blacks, slave and free, and forced many Northerners to become moredefiant in their support of fugitives. S. M. Africanus presentsobjections in prose and verse to justify noncompliance with this law.

Anthony Burns--Capture of A Fugitive SlaveThis is a portrait of fugitive slave Anthony Burns, whose arrest and trialin Boston under the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 incitedriots and protests by white and black abolitionists and citizens of Bostonin the spring of 1854. The portrait is surrounded by scenes from hislife, including his sale on the auction block, escape from Richmond,Virginia, capture and imprisonment in Boston, and his return to a vesselto transport him to the South. Within a year after his capture,abolitionists were able to raise enough money to purchase Burns's freedom.

And be it further enacted, That the Circuit Courts of the United States shall from time to time enlarge the number of the commissioners, with a view to afford reasonable facilities to reclaim fugitives from labor, and to the prompt discharge of the duties imposed by this act.

And be it further enacted, That the commissioners above named shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the judges of the Circuit and District Courts of the United States, in their respective circuits and districts within the several States, and the judges of the Superior Courts of the Territories, severally and collectively, in term-time and vacation; shall grant certificates to such claimants, upon satisfactory proof being made, with authority to take and remove such fugitives from service or labor, under the restrictions herein contained, to the State or Territory from which such persons may have escaped or fled.

And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals to obey and execute all warrants and precepts issued under the provisions of this act, when to them directed; and should any marshal or deputy marshal refuse to receive such warrant, or other process, when tendered, or to use all proper means diligently to execute the same, he shall, on conviction thereof, be fined in the sum of one thousand dollars, to the use of such claimant, on the motion of such claimant, by the Circuit or District Court for the district of such marshal; and after arrest of such fugitive, by such marshal or his deputy, or whilst at any time in his custody under the provisions of this act, should such fugitive escape, whether with or without the assent of such marshal or his deputy, such marshal shall be liable, on his official bond, to be prosecuted for the benefit of such claimant, for the full value of the service or labor of said fugitive in the State, Territory, or District whence he escaped: and the better to enable the said commissioners, when thus appointed, to execute their duties faithfully and efficiently, in conformity with the requirements of the Constitution of the United States and of this act, they are hereby authorized and empowered, within their counties respectively, to appoint, in writing under their hands, any one or more suitable persons, from time to time, to execute all such warrants and other process as may be issued by them in the lawful performance of their respective duties; with authority to such commissioners, or the persons to be appointed by them, to execute process as aforesaid, to summon and call to their aid the bystanders, or posse comitatus of the proper county, when necessary to ensure a faithful observance of the clause of the Constitution referred to, in conformity with the provisions of this act; and all good citizens are hereby commanded to aid and assist in the prompt and efficient execution of this law, whenever their services may be required, as aforesaid, for that purpose; and said warrants shall run, and be executed by said officers, any where in the State within which they are issued.

And be it further enacted, That when a person held to service or labor in any State or Territory of the United States, has heretofore or shall hereafter escape into another State or Territory of the United States, the person or persons to whom such service or labor may be due, or his, her, or their agent or attorney, duly authorized, by power of attorney, in writing, acknowledged and certified under the seal of some legal officer or court of the State or Territory in which the same may be executed, may pursue and reclaim such fugitive person, either by procuring a warrant from some one of the courts, judges, or commissioners aforesaid, of the proper circuit, district, or county, for the apprehension of such fugitive from service or labor, or by seizing and arresting such fugitive, where the same can be done without process, and by taking, or causing such person to be taken, forthwith before such court, judge, or commissioner, whose duty it shall be to hear and determine the case of such claimant in a summary manner; and upon satisfactory proof being made, by deposition or affidavit, in writing, to be taken and certified by such court, judge, or commissioner, or by other satisfactory testimony, duly taken and certified by some court, magistrate, justice of the peace, or other legal officer authorized to administer an oath and take depositions under the laws of the State or Territory from which such person owing service or labor may have escaped, with a certificate of such magistracy or other authority, as aforesaid, with the seal of the proper court or officer thereto attached, which seal shall be sufficient to establish the competency of the proof, and with proof, also by affidavit, of the identity of the person whose service or labor is claimed to be due as aforesaid, that the person so arrested does in fact owe service or labor to the person or persons claiming him or her, in the State or Territory from which such fugitive may have escaped as aforesaid, and that said person escaped, to make out and deliver to such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, a certificate setting forth the substantial facts as to the service or labor due from such fugitive to the claimant, and of his or her escape from the State or Territory in which he or she was arrested, with authority to such claimant, or his or her agent or attorney, to use such reasonable force and restraint as may be necessary, under the circumstances of the case, to take and remove such fugitive person back to the State or Territory whence he or she may have escaped as aforesaid. In no trial or hearing under this act shall the testimony of such alleged fugitive be admitted in evidence; and the certificates in this and the first [fourth] section mentioned, shall be conclusive of the right of the person or persons in whose favor granted, to remove such fugitive to the State or Territory from which he escaped, and shall prevent all molestation of such person or persons by any process issued by any court, judge, magistrate, or other person whomsoever. 041b061a72


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